Shetlands Tail - ACE-High-Journal

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ACE-High System

NATO ACE-High System - 1958 bis 1995
  • Norwick, Shetlands Tail (Saxa Vord)  
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Norwick
  • Shetlands Tail (Saxa Vord)
60°49'36.39"N/00°50'39.98"W - 229 m.üNN
Site Code ab 1958 : eac (Shetlands Tail)
Site Code ab 1971 : USVZ
Status                  : Aufgegebene Nutzung
Status heute         : unbekannt
Ansicht                 : Liegenschaft [4]
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Übersichtspläne - Bezeichnungen - Transmitterverbindungen
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Linienplan, von 1959
Linienplan, von 1976
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Station eac, Power Category - Ia
Station eac, Transmitter Typ - 1R (Radio Line)
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Verbindungen, von 1959  
eac - Shetlands Tail (Saxa Vord) > eab - Shetlands Tail Relay (Collafirth Hill) - L.o.S.-Line - Station mit Multiplex
Channel Capacity 24 - Entfernung zwischen den Stationen - Luftlinie - 44,50 Km
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Verbindungen, von 1976
USVZ - Shetlands Tail (Saxa Vord) > UCOZ - Shetlands Tail Relay (Collafirth Hill) - L.o.S.-Line - Station mit Multiplex
Channel Capacity 24 - Entfernung zwischen den Stationen - Luftlinie - 44,50 Km
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Verbindungen, SatCom von 1976
USVZ - Shetlands Tail (Saxa Vord) > SatCom Station F29 - Saxa Vord
Entfernung zwischen den Stationen - Luftlinie - 0,19 Km
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Beschreibungen
Link Seiten, Wikipedia
Thema, RAF Saxa Vord [3]
Autor  - Wikipedia
Quelle - Wikipedia
ULR    - Wikipedia

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Link Seiten, sonstige Publikationen
Thema, A History of RAF Saxa Vord
Autor  - Gordon Carle
[4]
Quelle - ACE High in Shetland [4]
ULR    - Saxa Vord
"ACE High in Shetland
ACE High was a NATO communications system which stretched over 8,000 miles from north Norway to eastern Turkey. Its purpose was to provide early warning links and to permit commanders to discuss strategy during the cold war period. Its’ origins were in the mid 50’s and it has now been superseded by other communications links. Over 80 ground stations were involved, half of which used large aerial arrays to propagate high frequency radio signals which were “bounced” over the horizon using tropospheric forward scatter techniques (hence FSS Mossy Hill – Forward Scatter Station). These Units also had microwave aerials which linked into the other sites, using line of sight techniques. The smaller stations were off-shoots from the main line of larger stations. I will leave the experts to explain the system in more detail. There is a good article on the Ace High System on the Subbrit site here:

So, back to the subject of this section, Ace High in Shetland. There were four main elements to the system in Shetland, Mossy Hill in the south mainland with its large tropospheric scatter arrays and microwave tower, 2 microwave “off-shoot” sites at Collafirth Hill and Saxa Vord and; fourthly, an admin and accommodation site at Maybury Camp at Virkie in the south mainland. (Left click on pictures to enlarge)." [4]
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die Daten

Die ACE-High Station Shetlands Tail wurde in den Jahren "o.A" bis "o.A" erbaut und ging nach einer Testphase im Jahr "o.A" in die offizielle Betriebsphase.

Die Bezeichnung der ACE-High Station lautete nach der offizielen Inbetriebnahme der Station "Shetlands Tail (Saxa Vord)" und die NATO Code hierzu war "eac".

eac - Shetlands Tail (Saxa Vord) (e) England (ac) NATO Codierung - Station ac

1971 wurden alle ACE-High Stationen im "ACE-High Network Europe" neu codiert, die Bezeichnung der ACE-High Station lautete danach "Shetlands Tail (Saxa Vord)" und die NATO Code hierzu war "USVZ"

USVZ- Shetlands Tail (Saxa Vord) (U) United Kingdom of Great Britain (SV) Stadt / Geländebezeichnung (Z) ACE-High System

Die Betriebsphase endete mit Schliessung der ACE-High Station im "Januar 1991".
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die Geschichte

"RAF Saxa Vord (RRH Saxa Vord, in Unst, with AN/TPS-77) is a remote radar station providing long-range radar coverage of its approaches. The data is fed into the Integrated Command and Control System within the UK"
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und das NADGE Radar System

Die NADGE Radar Station Saxa Vord, (intern, NADGE Radar England, Position 09) ist verbunden mit UK Air Surveillance and Control Systems, at RAF Boulmer und dem Control and Reporting Centre, at RAF Boulmer.
"2008, "The Royal Air Force's Combined Air Operations Centre (CAOC 9) at RAF High Wycombe was deactivated in 2008 and its responsibilities were transferred to the Combined Air Operations Centre Finderup (CAOC 1).

2013, After Finderup (CAOC 1) was deactivated in 2013 the responsibility for the air defense of the United Kingdom was transferred to CAOC 2, Uedem in Germany. The Royal Air Force's Control and Reporting Centres report to it." [7]
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heute (1)

Die militärische Nutzung der Liegenschaft durch das ACE-High System wurde vollständig beendet.

2019, Das Gelände der Liegenschaft, ist unter Google Earth erkennbar
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Bild - Quellenangaben
(1) Geographische Ansicht
(1) Google Earth, Google Street
(2) Wikipedia, Allied Forces Northwestern Europe
(3) Station Codes and Network Routes
(3) NATO Linienplan, 1959
(4) Geographic Locations of the NICS
(4) NATO Linienplan, 1976
Text - Quellenangaben
[1] Wikimapia.org / Militär
[1] Wikimapia
[2] Wikipedia, Logo
[3] Wikipedia, Saxa Vord
[4] A History of RAF Saxa Vord
[5] Handbuch, Volume I
[5] Quellenschutz, ID 201_01
[6] Power category Stations von 1963
[6] Handbuch, Volume II, Section 3.1, Page 3
[7] Wikipedia, NATO Integrated Air Defense System (NADGE)
"ace-high-journal.de" - alle Rechte bei Gerrit Padberg - Online seit 01.01.2009
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